Jean-Christophe Rufin (born 28 June 1952) is a French doctor, diplomat, historian, globetrotter and novelist. He is the president of Action Against Hunger, one of the founders of Médecins Sans Frontières and the youngest member of the Académie française. He was Ambassador of France in Senegal from 2007 to June 2010.
Rufin was born in Bourges, Cher in 1952. An only child, he was raised by his grandparents as his father had left the family and his mother
worked in Paris. His grandfather, a doctor and member of the French Resistance during World War II had been imprisoned for two years at Buchenwald.
In 1977, after medical school, Rufin went to Tunisia as a volunteer doctor. He led his first humanitarian mission in Eritrea, where he met Azeb, who became his second wife.
A graduate of the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences-Po), in 1986 he became advisor to the Secretary of State for Human
Rights and published his first book, Le Piège humanitaire (The Humanitarian Trap), an essay on the political stakes of humanitarian action.
As a doctor, he is one of the pioneers of humanitarian movement "without borders," for which he has led numerous missions in eastern Africa and Latin America. A former vice-president of Médecins Sans Frontières and former president of the non-governmental organization Action Against Hunger.
L'aventure humanitaire ("The Humanitarian Adventure") (1994)
La dictature libérale ("The Liberal Dictatorship") (1994)
L'empire etm les nouveaux barbares ("The Empire and the New Barbarians") (1991)
Le piège humanitaire : quand l'humanitaire remplace la guerre ("The Humane Trap: when humanitarianism replaces war") (1986)
Le Parfum d'Adam (2007)
Brazil Red (Rouge Brésil; 2001) - winner of prix Goncourt 2001
Lost Causes / "Asmara et les causes perdues" (1999) - winner of prix Interallié 1999
The Siege of Isfahan (1998)
The Abyssinian (1997) - winner of Prix Goncourt du Premier Roman 1997 and Prix Méditerranée 1997